Man Made Strata and Geopollution
Man made strata comprise cultural layers, landfills, waste sites, abandoned industrial objects, mining tailings, non-remediated pollution sites and other fomations accumulated without proper environmental management, monitoring and technical installations. In this respect extention, thickness of the man made strata in many places are unknown and/or poorly mapped. However, specific properties of the man made strata are clearly reported and documented – these formations contain variety of pollutants, geotechicaly are weak, unstable and unpredictable grounds, they are subject of severe liquefaction and landsliding during earthquakes. Therefore, man made strata are specific techo - geological formations with multiple and various environmental aspects, which must be better understood and managed.
Jonas Satkunas, Hisashi Nirei, Kunio Furuno, Hassina Mouri and Brian Marker